What Is A Sweep In Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?

When they are first getting started in BJJ, most beginners want to concentrate on one particular component, typically submissions.

Your ability to put the BJJ submissions you learn into practice will be severely limited, though, if you do not have a well-rounded set of BJJ talents. 

What Is A Sweep In Brazillian Jui Jitsu?

Beginners should focus on practicing a few fundamental BJJ sweeps in addition to studying BJJ defense and escapes. This is because BJJ sweeps are an important part of the sport. 

There are many benefits to learning sweeps first. To begin, sweeps provide you the opportunity to enhance your position from one that is either neutral or bad to one that is more favorable. 

Sweeps are also great for self-defense because they allow a lighter, smaller person to gain position on a heavier, larger opponent. This is a significant advantage in any fight.

If you don’t have a good collection of sweeps in your BJJ arsenal, your game probably isn’t going to be nearly as good as it has the potential to be. 

In this article, we will cover the three most common sweeps used in BJJ fights. These sweeps are the ones that are typically taught to beginner and intermediate fighters. 

Types Of Sweeps

Scissor Sweep

The Scissor Sweep is one of the very first sweeps that beginner trainees learn to do. Although it’s highly effective and not excessively hard, putting it into practice can prove to be quite difficult.

As a result of this, many white belts opt to entirely abandon the technique and instead focus their attention on mastering other types of sweeps. it’s worth the effort of learning to master this sweep though. 

Here is how to successfully execute the scissor sweep:

  1. When you are in the closed guard stance, grab your opponent’s collar and sleeve and pull them toward you. This will put your opponent in a vulnerable position. When you grab the collar or sleeve of another person, make sure that they are both on the same side. 

Make sure to get a good, deep grip on the collar. When it comes to the sleeve, you have two choices: you can hold your opponent’s wrist or you can grab the fabric of the challenger’s elbow. 

  1. After you have secured your grips, open your closed guard and move your knee across your opponent’s chest in the opposite direction as your grips. This will put your knee in a position to attack their throat. This particular stance is referred to as the knee shield position.
  1. After establishing your knee shield, draw your opponent’s sleeve straight back towards you, as if you were looking at the time on a wristwatch. This will force them to retreat. The balance of your opponent will be disrupted as a result of this play.
  1. Place the leg that is not currently being used to block the knee of your opponent. This will serve as a fulcrum for you when you attempt the sweep.
  1. Your legs should be crossed in a scissor motion, with one knee pushed on the chest of your opponent and the opposite leg forced against the knee of your opponent. You should maintain this position until your opponent releases you from the hold. 

Because of this, the body of your adversary will be forced to the side and in the direction that is generally toward the fulcrum point (your leg).

As a consequence of this rotation, your adversary will be compelled to surrender and collapse on one of their sides. From this point, you have the chance to take the lead in the situation.

Hip Bump Sweep

Hip Bump Sweep

The hip bump sweep is another simple yet efficient BJJ takedown that all beginners in BJJ should be familiar with. This sweep is used to get the opponent to the ground.

During this sweep, an opponent’s arm is grasped, and then a forceful hip movement is employed to take the opponent down to the ground. 

If you want to effectively do the hip bump sweep, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Pull your opponent’s knees in toward your body from the closed guard posture so that they are touching the ground. Because of this, your adversary will be compelled to put their hands down.
  1. While your opponent’s hands are on the mat, open your closed guard and place one of your own hands on the mat alongside you.
  1. By pushing off the ground with your hand, raise your hips so that they face your opponent and point in the direction of the arm you have posted. Because of this, your hips will get higher.
  1. While you are doing this, twist your body so that it faces the direction of the arm that you have posted. Then, use the arm that is not posted to cup the elbow of your opponent, pinning their arm in place. Afterward, return your body to the starting position.
  1. Put your hips into a forceful push in the direction of your posting arm as well as the arm that is being held by your opponent. Because of the spin and momentum that you produce, your opponent will be swept over, and when this happens, you will find yourself in the full mount position on top of them.

Flower Sweep

The flower sweep is another powerful move that places a significant emphasis on hip rotation to move an opponent from the top position to the bottom position. 

In this specific sweep, the goal is to prevent an opponent from posting on the mat by capturing the arm of that opponent.

Here is how to do it:

  1. When you are in the closed guard posture, reach across to your opponent and grab one of their sleeves with the hand that is on the same side as your own.
  1. Next, move your upper torso to the side that is opposite the sleeve that you are clutching, and then use the hand that is not grabbing the sleeve to grab your opponent’s pants on the side that you have just turned your upper torso toward. This will allow you to finish the takedown.
  1. After you have established your grips (one on the same-side sleeve and one on the same-side pants), you should next swing your leg on the side of the trapped sleeve as far away from your opponent as you reasonably can. 

First, pull that leg up and toward your head, and then, kicking it down toward the ground with as much force as you can muster, bring it back down toward the ground.

  1. While you are kicking towards the mat, use the opposite leg you are kicking with to chop down into your opponent’s back. This will force them to flip over and give you a good position to finish your kick.


There’re many incredible sweeps to pick from in BJJ. However, before moving on to techniques that are more complicated and flashy, every beginner should master the fundamental BJJ sweeps first. 

These three basic sweeps in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu are considered to be the most fundamental ones in the game. They may be used against both standing and ground opponents.

Once you have a firm grasp on these fundamental moves, you should have no trouble sweeping your opponents. 

Christopher Anderson
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